Societies face many risks and challenges that require preparedness to protect and maintain its vital resources and existence. This can be done through the deployment of disaster risk reduction culture, and the development of plans and trainings necessary to mitigate and adapt. The costs of preparedness do not cost the community a lot when compared to losses in the absence of preparedness. This preparedness enhances the ability of societies and individuals to face the challenges caused by disasters efficiently.
As for the Palestinian society it faces many risks. According to a 2015 study that we carried out, it was discovered that the disasters facing the local society were a result of the following risks: (Israeli aggression – armed conflicts – flood – fires). In addition, the study showed an increase in numbers victims and material losses, caused by the Israeli attacks on the population, the increase in the life requirements resulting from population density, rapid economic development, and climate change.
Independent society capable of disaster response
- Considering DRR a national and local priority with a strong institutional basis for implementation.
- Identifying, assessing, and monitoring disaster risks, and strengthening early warning systems.
- Using knowledge, innovation, and education to enhance the knowledge and capacity of the community on DRR at all levels.
- Enhancing preparedness, readiness and alertness to disasters in order to respond efficiently to them at all levels.
- Providing consultations on:
- The integration of (DRR) in the health sector planning mechanisms (hospitals safe from disasters).
- The development of public awareness about DRR.
- Media’s role in the local community incentivizing towards a culture of DRR and a strong involvement in sustained public education campaigns and public consultations.
- People-centered EWS to build institutional capacity capable to integrate EWS into work policies during disasters.
- The development and promotion of alternative and innovative financial instruments for addressing disaster risks.
- The development of public policies for local and governmental organizations and institutions on the integration of risk management into developmental and planning policies aiming to intervene during disasters.
- The promotion of community participation in DRR, strategic management of human resources, assigning and delegating roles and responsibilities, and provision of the necessary resources.
- The development of plans and programs to build the capacity of institutions and individuals to respond to the current and future requirements of disaster reduction.
- Preparation of:
- Plans and policies for disaster and emergency preparedness, exercises related to evacuation, allocation, and construction of shelters.
- Manuals, guides, publications, posters, and educational films specializing in the promotion of DRR culture for local communities, individuals, or institutions.
- Institutions on the mechanisms to support dialogue, exchange of information, coordination in EWS stages, DRR response, and development beyond DRR.
- On techniques of risk mapping to include the vulnerable to aid interventions during disasters.
- On recording, analyzing, summarizing, disseminating, and exchange information of risks data and maps, and disasters’ risks and their implications.
- To record, analyze, summarize, and disseminate information on disasters’ incidence, impact and losses through investigating impacts of disasters.
- On implementation mechanisms of social safety networks to assist people with special needs and others affected by disasters, and enhance recovery plans, including psychological support – social programs.
- On risk identification, assessment and EWS.
- On the development of disaster risk and vulnerability indicator systems to assess the impact of disasters economically – socially – environmentally.
- Conducting studies:
- On the capacity of human resources relevant to work on DRR.
- On the services provided during the disaster response.
- On the level of readiness of the local community for disaster risk reduction.